Facts About Sparrows

Many of us wake up in the morning to the chirping of sparrows. Their close proximity to our homes has made them an integral part of our environment. So, let’s learn facts about sparrows

25 Facts About Sparrows:

  1. Sparrows are small birds in the family Passeridae, although some species of sparrows are in the scientific family Emberizidae.
  2. Scientists estimate that there are a total of 140 species of sparrows worldwide. Their total number reaches nearly a billion individuals.
  3. It is a synanthropic bird species. Sparrows are adapted to live among humans and are a permanent cohabitants of humans.
  4. Sparrows are tiny birds. They can reach 14 to 16 cm in length and weigh 22 to 40 grams.
  5. Despite their small body size, sparrows have large paws and a wingspan of up to 27 cm.
  6. Usually, sparrows fly at a speed of 38.5 km/h. If necessary (in case of danger), they may accelerate up to 50 km/h. Sparrow
  7. Males and females can be easily distinguished by their coloration: males have rust-colored feathers on the back, a black bib, and a dark gray top of the head, while females have brown and striped feathers on the back, a gray-yellow stripe above the eye, and a gray head.
  8. Unlike other birds, sparrows are almost impossible to find in woodlands or deserts. They prefer to be in close proximity to populated areas.
  9. Although sparrows are not a group of waterfowl, they can swim very fast to escape predators.
  10. Sparrows like to take a dust bath by ruffling their feathers and sweeping the ground over themselves.
  11. Sparrows are omnivores, although they mostly eat grains and seeds and livestock feed and, in cities, discarded food. They like to eat corn, oats, wheat, berries, and flower buds. Of wild crops, they prefer ragweed, crabgrass, and buckwheat. Sparrows readily eat bird food, including millet and sunflowers. In summer, they eat insects and feed them to their cubs.
  12. Sparrows nest in the niches of buildings, on roofs, signboards, and overhanging light fixtures. Sometimes they build nests on vines and in tree hollows.
  13. Sparrows often reuse their nests.
  14. When males show themselves to a potential mate, they ruffle their chest feathers, partially open their wings, fan their tail, and bounce vigorously in front of the female, turning sideways and sometimes bowing.
  15. Sparrows make nests from coarse dried vegetation, with which they tamp the bottom. Then finer material is used, including feathers, rope, and paper. Sparrows sometimes build nests next to each other, so neighboring nests sometimes share walls.
  16. Females lay three to five eggs. The incubation period in sparrows lasts 12 to 15 days. It is noteworthy that both parents take care of the eggs and chicks.
  17. The eggs are light white to greenish-white or bluish-white in color, usually with gray or brown spots.
  18. When hatched, the chick is completely naked, with bright pink skin and eyes closed. The young are ready to leave the nest 15 days after birth.
  19. Most pairs have at least two or three broods a year.
  20. Sparrows are more likely to hop than to walk on the ground.
  21. Sparrows are sedentary birds. They do not migrate, but urban flocks traditionally migrate to the countryside in late summer to feed in ripening grain fields.
  22. They quickly learn new food habits and soon adapt to feeding on hanging feeders.
  23. They have been observed catching nocturnal butterflies attracted by light.
  24. Sparrows can live from four to five years in the wild. The oldest recorded sparrow to date has been known to live 15 years and 9 months!
  25. They used to be one of the most common birds in Europe, but in recent years their numbers have declined dramatically. In some urban areas, populations have declined by 99%. The reason for the sudden extinction remains a mystery, although many theories have been put forward: increased pollution, reduction of green areas in cities, climate change, installation of cellular towers, etc.

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