In this article, we inform about the most dangerous snakes in Africa. They include, first of all, the Black mamba, Cobras, Puff Adders, and Gabon vipers. Everything about their scientific names, family, genus, length, and type of venom you will learn in this article.
What is the most dangerous snake in Africa?
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Scientific name: Dendroaspis polylepis
Length: up to 4.5 m
One of the most dangerous snake in Africa. Black mambas are wary snakes that can become very aggressive if they feel they need to defend themselves. Because they often live near people, accidents occur frequently where people unintentionally startle or disturb a snake. Without antivenom, a bite is 100% fatal and occurs between 15 minutes and 3 hours.
Scientific name: Naja nivea
Subfamily: True venomous cobras
Length: up to 1.6 m
The Cape cobra has the most potent venom among African cobras and is also a nervous, mildly aggressive snake that can strike quickly. Without treatment, a bite is very likely to result in death by respiratory paralysis. Like the black mamba, it is often found near human dwellings. One of the most dangerous snake in Africa.
The venom of the Forest cobra is considered the second most potent venom of the African cobras. The snake is fast and very active. If its bite is not treated appropriately with an antivenom, it can cause death. The black and white hat snake is also called black and white cobra, white-lipped cobra or forest cobra.
Scientific name: Bitis arietans
Genus: Puff adders
Length: up to 1.9 m
The puff adder likes to bask on footpaths, does not flee from humans, shows great willingness to bite – and in addition to long teeth, has one of the most potent viper venoms (and lots of it). If a bite is not treated properly, the tissue around the wound can die in such a way that legs and arms have to be amputated. cobra.
Scientific name: Naja haje
Genus: True cobras
Length: up to 2.4 m
The third most potent cobra venom is produced by the Egyptian cobra. It likes to stay near villages because there are often rats and chickens on its menu. The Uraeus Snake is rather calm in disposition and flees when encountered. But it also bites when it feels cornered.
Scientific name: Dispholidus typus
Length: up to 2 m
The Boomslang is rather shy and once it has bitten, some time passes before the venom begins to take effect. Its most dangerous snake in Africa. On the one hand, this is an advantage, as there is enough time to administer the antidote. On the other hand, this means that their bite is often underestimated and not treated at all. Also confusing is the fact that some victims feel better after the bite. For example, the well-known herpetologist Karl P. Schmidt was bitten by a boomslang and gave notice by phone the day after that he was going to show up for work. Two hours before starting work (28 hours after the bite) he literally dropped dead.
Scientific name: Bitis gabonica
Genus: Puff adder
Length: up to 1.5 m
Venom: neurotoxic, hemotoxic, cytotoxic
Among venomous snakes, the Gabon viper has the longest teeth in the world and also releases the largest amount of venom. This is much weaker than that of other venomous snakes, but under certain circumstances one bite is enough to kill a person. For this the snake is rather stolid and not particularly aggressive. Gabon viper is most dangerous snake in Africa