Some people prefer strawberries or grapes, while others like oranges, cherries, watermelons, or pineapples. When it comes to the world at large, there is one fruit that stands above all others! The most popular fruit in the world is the banana.
Interesting facts about bananas:
- Dried bananas have about five times as many calories as fresh bananas.
- About 100 billion bananas are consumed worldwide each year.
- Banana is one of the most popular crops in the world. It is the fourth most popular crop, behind rice, corn, and wheat.
- The first written sources mentioning bananas as an edible plant were written just under three thousand years ago.
- Bananas taste better when they are ripe when they are still green.
- Over 100 billion bananas are consumed worldwide each year. India, China, Brazil, and Indonesia account for half of this consumption. Bananas account for about 75% of the annual tropical fruit trade. In fact, they are the most exported fruit in the world. Ecuador is the world’s chief exporter of bananas, while the United States imports most bananas.
- The most popular fruit in the world grows in tropical and subtropical areas around the world. Botanically classified as a berry, bananas grow on large plants that look like bushes. The name “banana” comes from the Arabic word “banana,” which means finger.
- A group of bananas is known as a bunch. It takes about nine months to grow an entire bunch, which can include up to 170 bananas. Fortunately for banana lovers, they grow abundantly year-round. Today about 150 countries grow about 1,000 different varieties of bananas. Of course, the banana is not on the list of most unusual fruits, but its role in our diet is hard to underestimate.
- Banana peels are used in soap making.
- In botanical terms, bananas are berries, just like watermelons, for example. However, everyone has long been accustomed to thinking of them as fruit.
- There are about a thousand kinds of bananas, and not all of them are edible.
- Most bananas are eaten in the African country of Burundi – here their consumption is on the average a little less than 200 kg per person per year
- The trunks and leaves of technical banana varieties are used to make ship tackle. They are strong and last for decades.
- Bananas keep longer at room temperature than in the refrigerator.
- The high potassium content of banana pulp saves cramps in calf muscles for those who exercise a lot.
How are bananas transported?
If you eat bananas very often at home, you know they must be eaten quickly after ripening. As they ripen, they turn brown and disappear, making it difficult to get bananas to markets around the world. Most bananas are grown on large farms, where they are harvested while still green. To prevent these popular fruits from ripening during transport, they are shipped in refrigerated containers.
Upon arrival in the country of destination, bananas are taken to special ripening facilities. These facilities use advanced technology to control exposure to air, humidity, temperature and ethylene gas, which is the natural substance for ripening.
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To begin the ripening process, ethylene gas is pumped into the storage facilities and left to circulate overnight. This gas starts the ripening process, which then slows down. The ethylene gas is removed and the temperature is lowered.
Once the bananas begin to take on a yellow hue, they are ready to go to local stores for consumption. They will continue to ripen during shipping and storage. Depending on how far away your local store is from the means of shipping, the maturity of your bananas can vary greatly from one place to another.